Researchers have found that people with periodontal disease are almost twice as likely to suffer from coronary artery disease as those without periodontal disease.
Some scientists believe that oral bacteria can affect the heart when they enter the blood stream, attaching to fatty plaques in the coronary arteries (heart blood vessels) and contributing to clot formation. Many researchers have stated that the plaque associated with periodontal disease increases systematic inflammation, which may contribute to swelling of the arteries.
Periodontal disease can also exacerbate existing heart conditions. Patients at risk for infective endocarditis may require antibiotics prior to dental procedures. With the help of your cardiologist we will be able to determine if your heart condition requires use of antibiotics prior to dental procedures.
Studies have pointed to a relationship between periodontal disease and stroke. In one study, people diagnosed with a shortage of oxygen to the brain (acute cerebrovascular ischemia) were found more likely to have an oral infection when compared to those in the control group. The control of periodontal disease is an important factor in controlling and/or preventing both heart disease and stroke.