Many people think of periodontal disease as an adult problem. However, gingivitis (inflamed gum tissue and the first stage of periodontal disease) is nearly a universal finding in children and adolescents. There are many changes young adults undergo that can affect their oral condition.
Evidence shows that periodontal disease may increase during adolescence due to poor oral hygiene. Children who maintain good oral health habits up until the teen years are more likely to continue brushing and flossing than children who were not taught proper oral care.
Hormonal changes related to puberty can put teens at greater risk for getting periodontal disease. During puberty, an increased level of sex hormones can cause your gums to become very sensitive to any irritation, including food particles and plaque. If this irritation occurs, the gums may become swollen, bleed, turn red and feel tender. Therefore, during puberty, it is very important to follow a good oral hygiene regimen, including regular dental cleanings and good home care.
Another common problem seen in young adults is related to wearing braces. Many times gum recession occurs during or after orthodontic therapy (braces). Gum recession can lead to sensitive teeth, bleeding gums, and an unattractive smile. There are many procedures to prevent recession before orthodontic treatment begins. There are also procedures that can reverse recession after orthodontic treatment ends.
Before & After images coming soon!