What is Peri-implantitis?

Decorative Implant Photo

What is Peri-implantitis?


Peri-implantitis is defined as an inflammatory disease that affects the soft tissues (gums) around a dental implant and results in the loss of bone supporting the implant. It usually causes no pain but exhibits bleeding when the dentist lightly probes between the mucosa (gums) around the implant. If not treated properly, or in time, it can lead to loss of the implant and the crown that the implant supports.

The cause of Peri-implantitis is the bacteria (plaque or biofilm) around the implant which if not removed properly leads to inflammation of the (mucosa) gums around the implant. Many of the same bacteria (germs) around natural teeth that cause gum disease (gingivitis or periodontitis) are the same ones that cause peri-implantitis. However, there are a number of factors that hasten the loss of bone around implants with peri-implantitis including smoking, damage to the tissue caused by improper cleaning, overloading biting forces on an implant crown that is “too high” and even materials like cement that get under the crown when the crown is cemented on the implant. All of these can speed, breakdown and lead to the loss of the implant. Bone loss around an implant effected by peri-implantitis is the #1 cause of implant failure after the crown is placed on the implant.


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Example 1After Photo
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Example 1 Before Photo

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Example 2 After Photo
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Example 2 Before Photo

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Example 3 After Photo
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Example 3 Before Photo